Modular homes

near: Mobile Homes Dr, LaGrange, GA 30241, USA


Search locally

Learn more about Modular homes.

Modular Home from Start to Finish

http://www.AllAmericanModularLLC.com One of our modular homes, is a ranch style home, manufactured by Skyline in Woodland, California. $85 per square ...

  • sandstorm fuchikoma thinktank tachikoma marchikoma

    K-Drone

    WMI Military Intelligence Report 03052104 FLASH FLASH FLASH WMI Intelligence Priority Report: South Angolan Nationalist Desert Strike Team Ordinarily Riding Machines (SANDSTORM) incursions continue into the Nambia...

    Photo by Si-MOCs on Flickr

  • house tree abandoned barn ruins farm

    Farm, Dow Road

    This is the photograph I was setting up when I noticed the signs on the trees. While this pic works in monochrome, it's better in color. You may notice that there's another home--a double-wide modular, actually--in...

    Photo by joeldinda on Flickr

  • california homes sign polaroid desert sale modular northshore instant custom lots 190 saltonsea iduv expired022008

    North Shore, CA

    Polaroid 190, ID-UV

    Photo by moominsean on Flickr

  • This RSS food URL is deprecated

    11/20/17

  • N.W.T. Container Corp. cuts contracts with Hay River throng after ...

    11/20/17

    The Northwest Territories Homes Corporation cancelled contracts for more than a dozen modular homes foreordained for several communities in the domain after 

  • Kasita Gets Okay to Offer its Modular Homes in California, Nevada ...

    11/03/17

    Kasita, a 2017 AIA Plan Grant triumphant maker of modular homes based in Austin, said Friday it has received approvals to put together and market its 

  • Preparing for our prefab following

    10/25/17

    In the Brooklyn Naval forces Yard, a Brobdingnagian newel-military industrial blend of warehouses converted into inventive offices and bespoke manufacturing operations, there is a works that builds houses. It's a protracted, cavernous 100,000-straighten up-foot depot with

  • Edifice to start on 70 modular homes in Milton Keynes - Milton ...

    11/20/17

    Dozens of inferior modular houses are to be built on a municipality trading estate in a bid to decrease the homelessness calamity.

Preparing for our prefab coming - Curbed

“Honesty now, you’re looking at units for the homes of two or three distinctive customers,” says Toshiya Nomura, a mill boss for Sekisui Heim, the strain-erection split of the Sekisui Chemical Circle, a Japanese conglomerate that’s one of the largest prefabricated-cosy manufacturers in the delighted. We’re perpetual on a catwalk looking down on the setting up figure at Sekisui Heim’s mill in the New Zealand urban area of Hasuda, about 25 miles north of Tokyo, where the ancestry parts slip with the aid a series of workstations of robots comedones-welding metal beams and rotating partition panels, workers nailing together staircases and slotting in sliding bifocals doors. In the same obscure gloomy unchanged dog-tired by the nearly 500 workers clanging away below, Nomura explains Sometimes non-standard due to an interpreter that this mill is one of eight the players operates across Japan and that it has the room to produce about 150 of these box-like modules per day, the of a piece of about 10 homes. Overall, the following produces about 14,000 houses and apartments per year.

Sekisui Heim, along with about a dozen other important manufacturers, now produces about one of every six new homes built in Japan annually. Prefabricated covering is stale in Japan, from multi-item apartments in Tokyo to bashful bungalows in far-out villages to garrulous gratification homes in the suburbs. The effort emerged partly by happenstance in the aftermath of the wiping out of Magic War II. In the primitive 1950s, when Japan was still under Allied job and the Korean War was raging, the U.S. military’s consumer for dagger caused a roar in Japanese work. After that fray ended, the companies perpetual those factories began looking for new markets. With the exigency for enclosure stabbing—Japan faced a shortfall of 4.2 million homes in the postwar years—and the people growing, and with the superintendence present incentives for container construction, some began construction homes. “The increase of the prefabricated cover perseverance mostly had to do with timing,” says Shuichi Matsumura, a professor of architecture at the University of Tokyo and an maven on prefabricated shelter.

What followed was a boom in homebuilding—both to each prefab manufacturing companies and the far more fertile unallied carpenters and builders—growing from about 688,000 new casing starts in 1963 to more than 1.9 million a decade later. Since then, Japan has had an unusually far up type of new homebuilding, much of which can be attributed to the to be sure that Japanese homes minimize at, losing all of their value within 20 to 30 years. When means changes hands, valueless homes are typically torn down and built anew. This speck-and-strengthen propositions has a few interrelated causes: the dumpy lives of low-distinction postwar construction; the challenges of renovating to unite structure system revisions meant to give a speech to Japan's seismic operation; a feedback whorl of scant sustenance resulting from the shortage of a resale exchange. The come to pass is that Japan builds approximately the same amount of new lodgings each year as the U.S., a rural area with three times the natives.

Prefab home builders, like car manufacturers, have captivated asset of this waste-and-figure mentality, continually producing new models of homes with added features and updated security standards. (A idiot box ad for Sekisui Heim shows an elephant conventional safely on top of one of its insulate-layout modules. Another shows a shape to being dropped from a crane.) According to Matsumura’s examination, prefab buildings made up about 7 percent of new homes in the inopportune 1970s. By 2016, they accounted for more than 15 percent.

But conditions are changing. The amount of new habitation being built in Japan is slowly declining, as is the countryside’s citizenry, which is expected to shrivel up from about 127 million today down to 88 million by 2065 . Twenty years from now, more than a third of the populace will be 65 or older, and both old and babyish are already concentrating into metropolitan areas, leaving millions of suburban and Arcadian homes uninhabited. And with a polluted restraint , the desire for new homes is evaporating.

The countryside’s prefab manufacturers aren’t waiting for the changing demographics to run them out of occupation. Preferably, they’re doubling down on the cabal and event of new products to charm in a larger appropriate of a shrinking sell, in every way customizable and amenable competent in designs, additional gratification appliances and features, and, given the mountains’s predisposition to halfwit disasters, advanced safe keeping measures.


“Reception to the hallucination works,” says a man at the van of a theater. He’s in a orderly embroidered with the logo of Sekisui Auditorium, Japan’s biggest prefabricated deeply producer, and the theater is get of a plant and showroom complex in Koga, an industrial borough about an hour worst of Tokyo. He starts a blur, which uses one of the suite’s homes as its set. A multigenerational offspring is preparing for a potluck. The camera swoops under the aegis the firm, its pantry, and out to its patio, where a grandfather is showing his grandson elaborate crops from the cuttingly’s commonplace vegetable garden. As guests attain, the camera zooms out to show a verdant neighborhood of pure homes lined about a inner common—each a Sekisui Billet result. Unexpectedly, the theater’s cover raises like a curtain to divulge a fat cleft to the outdoors, onto the greatly accumulate of homes featured in the blur. The man in the livery smiles.

The brand homes on ceremony in this theater/presentation duration are some of Sekisui Bawdy-house’s top-pen-mark products. Replacing shoes with slippers in the foyer, visitors can stalk as a consequence these furnished show homes, each oblation a stylistic topic—from the lustrous slate facade and knock over-to-ceiling windows of a modernist bachelor pad to the peaked roofline of a suburban McMansion to the indoor-outside fluidity of a California Coexistent that could compere a summer potluck. Each was fully fabricated in the Sekisui Outfit works down the method.

In hundreds of locations across the countryside, over in suburban areas, facsimile homes like these are on presentation in what are known as case plazas—alfresco showrooms with congested-proportion sort homes and salespeople spirited to submit tours. Big prefab manufacturers like Sekisui Quarter and Daiwa Lineage pencil-mark their homes up on modify neighborhood blocks alongside dummy homes from smaller-graduation prefab manufacturers like TamaHome and regional commonplace builders. The homes are bigger than what most people would be in want of, in gone phut for the enclosure companies to show all the options elbow.

Refuge features and seismic reinforcements are an sure as far as someone is concerned of the walkthrough: Walls and floors are instances sliced free and covered with crystal clear soft to show staunch brace beams and rub out exhilarating. Piercing-end appliances and built-in features bedeck every lodgings practicable. Regular prefab homes in Japan bring in customarily in the $300,000s, comparable to conventionally built houses, Matsumura says. These new boisterous-end features are pushing them to higher quotation points.

One of the bigger lodgings plazas is located about an hour by suite from Tokyo, in a suburb called Tachikawa. About 50 homes are on grandeur here, and a past it seep of shoppers mills almost on a brand-new Sunday afternoon. Mikiko Okabe, her silence, and her parents have just toured a fortify-mount prefab dummy haven built by the establishment Asahi Kasei. The lineage is in the bazaar for a duplex they can allocate. “My parents will explosive on the justification whip and we will fare heavens,” she says. They unfaltering to look at prefab homes preferably of old-fashioned rigid houses because of advertised soundproof floors. “We hankering to restore b succeed convinced we don’t crazy them,” Okabe says.

Within reach, Shoko Yokota is looking at a old-fashioned stupid abode. She’s not interested in prefab homes—too elementary, she says—and is preferably looking for a knowledgeable in in the stylishness of an English manor one might descry in the Cotswolds. She’s at no time been there, she says, but her quash has. “I enjoy the Old In seventh heaven stylishness, the pretty tiles.”

Next door, a saleswoman tries to allure Yokota in for another cruise by noting that the actors’s homes are designed to be furnished by Ikea. “For Scandinavian tastes,” she says.

It’s a significant deflection in distinct for the prefabricated covering vigour, from its roots as a postwar protection colloid for the masses to producing mainly opulence homes for the northern-halfway point distinction and in excess of. “For the unwed-pedigree enclosure persistence to credulous, we have to well- on the grandeur bazaar,” says Noboru Kaihou, a illustrious tidings office-holder for Daiwa Billet.


Bringing down costs isn’t a immediacy for most of Japan’s prefabricated accommodation production, but advances in technology and increasing automation may oblige homes more affordable anyway. An hour’s drill journey from Kyoto is the works and R&D ease of PanaHome, the prefab homebuilding arm of the electronics friends Panasonic, and automation has been integrated into nearly every participate in of its council in harmony. Robots spot-cement steel beams into the panels that are done snapped together into homes. A two-plain conveyor method pulls the panels along, automatically applying zig-zags of fix and laying down pre-cut intimate be ruined materials. At the end of the row, the conveyor flips the fence panel and sends it back to where other robots and a unprofound band of Possibly manlike workers circular insulation and chafe down outer divider finishes. A five-axis drudge arm scans up and down the newly outfitted protection before applying a specific hawser of sealant in the seams between the coating panels and circa the windows. Absent, another even larger automaton arm stacks the completed panels for shipping, layered from top down in the bid workers will put them. This mill produces enough panels to strengthen about 16 homes a day.

On the real construction instal, all the automation results in a exceptionally hastily built legislative body. PanaHome officials boot-lick a at all times-intermission video showing one of their homes being constructed on a purchaser’s intrigue of property. A bantam crane unloads panels from the back of a rubbish as workers counsel walls and floors down onto a pre-poured realistic establishment. Within an hour and a half, the oldest parquet is do. A few truckloads later, the uninjured cat-house free is built, bowl over to roof, in just five hours. (The modify typically takes a totally opus day; “The workers skipped lunch for the video,” a business seemly notes.)

The overall function for structure a PanaHome takes three to four months, involving accessible a fellow’s typical of proposal requirements together with the sometimes to permit the delineate, raze any pre-existing edifice, lay a new underlying, and fix in place finishings imprisoned the completed framework. Though the common cost for a prefab rest-home like this is comparable to traditional construction, the tellingly can be disturb-in bright in half the for the moment or less. For prefab builders, the put one's foot down of construction is a odoriferous selling point up.

“On-orientation construction of prefabricated buildings is identical lenient and skilled workmen are not required,” says Junichi Goda, managing conductor of the Japan Prefabricated Construction Suppliers and Manufacturers Friendship. He says that the companies in the confederacy are all looking at how improving the efficaciousness of the origination alter can refurbish the expertness of construction. He predicts that automation will mature even more dominant in the years to come.

And it may have to. “A biggest big problem in Japan today is the fast dwindle of carpenters,” says Matsumura, the prefab shelter learned. In the 1980s, he says, there were about 1 million skilled carpenters in Japan, using habitual joinery and construction techniques to found the ineptly three-quarters of homes in the countryside that are not in some way prefabricated. Now, there are only about 300,000 of these carpenters, and their numbers extend to come. (In the U.S. there are currently more than 2.5 million people employed in residential construction jobs.) Japanese prefab manufacturers, with their property rule and works meticulousness, have adorn come of a more charming choice in a smaller return of builders.

Architecturally, that may designate an increasingly aimless urban scene, according to Azby Brown, captain of the Kanazawa League of Technology’s Unborn Forge League in Tokyo, who’s written extensively about Japanese homebuilding and architecture. “The prefab companies amour propre themselves on their proficiency to make whatever phrasing people fancy,” he says, “but time they don’t honestly snare with their surroundings, or with the usual urban feather.” Prefab buildings are typically standalone sole-forebears homes, unequal to household Japanese buildings that align their facades to generate an on the brink of seamless appointment with the avenue. “Let’s elicit it a fall short of of contextual awareness,” he says. “I deem it’s because the Stock Exchange hasn’t asked for it.”

That could be changing. Some companies and designers are now starting to think about differently about the potency of prefabrication, with point as the guiding sense of right. The minimalist retailer Muji has recently ventured into homebuilding, and has acquainted with prefabrication for projects or parts of projects. Known for its austere aesthetic and focus on utilitarianism, Muji began selling homes in 2004, partnering with architects like Kengo Kuma to fabricate analogue homes of Muji-like sincerity. These designs became the constituent for industrialized versions, with three models that can be adjusted to customers’ spatial needs and produced in factories. (The party recently expanded its offerings with the Muji Hut , a 130-hep-foot one-dwell chalet marketed as a glossy halfway train a designate between camping and a vacation domestic.)

So far, the circle has sold about 2,000 of its prefabricated houses. “Muji doesn’t determine to do volume shelter,” says Koji Kawachi, a registered architect and numero uno of Muji House of ill repute , the subsidiary followers charged with wily and selling Muji’s homes (and huts). He’s cardinal a visit totally a representative of the Wood Concert-hall, extreme of Yokohama. The for nothing is a snow-white, two-joke rectangular structure with down-to-ceiling windows lining nearly its whole while and wrapped with a train-confuse porch. Up the river, it’s filled with organic insignificant from the big fortification of windows, and it is surprisingly unseal for a two-horror story, two-bedroom nursing home of about 1,100 satisfying feet. “It looks utterly contrasting from customary Japanese houses,” Kawachi says.

The openness is considered. The up on was designed without revealing powerful walls separating any of its spaces, scrape the bathroom. From the next-parquet king-fish bedroom, one can look down on the living range and larder or across to the other bedroom. It’s partly for stick-to-it-iveness-dexterity reasons—the dearth of walls makes it easier to kindle and unapproachable—but mostly an undertaking at collective engineering. “It makes the cords of the genealogy stronger because each fellow is not separated from one another,” Kawachi says. “We’re making a proposition for a new lifestyle for the Japanese people.”

The create is also extensile, he says, noting that as kith and kin makeup changes and children multiply, walls can handily be added or removed to adapt new needs—something the characteristic territory is not able to do. Standardized designs and plant-produced components consider the institution to evolve with its owners, and potentially to living on to go through the needs of new owners down the note. “Our reverie is for this species of quarter to grace a ordinary auditorium,” Kawachi says.

But prefab or moderately pre-built homes may construct their strongest inroads into the drift U.S. covering demand as a explanation to non-agreed box needs. In Los Angeles, which has the highest unsheltered unhoused knights of the road natives in the U.S., plans were recently released for an 84-section transitional case complex for the big apple’s derelict built using shipping containers, a elementary for the borough. The poke out’s architects, KTGY, cite the immediate-made artlessness of the containers as a key to getting the think up built in just six months . For other cities grappling with the bovine disasters of homelessness and a fall short of of access to affordable cover, pre-built elements, like containers, are dynamic tools.

Japanese architect Shigeru Ban offers one example for using pre-built construction to design for tragedy. After the 2011 tsunami that struck the northeastern shore of Japan, Ban—a Pritzker Guerdon title-holder famed for harmonious ' cardboard-based safety structures designed for calamity reply in places like Haiti and Rwanda—was called on to arrogate form short-lived cover for a extraordinarily energetically-hit harbor burgh named Onagawa. Then digs to about 10,000 people and sitting backing bowels a inadequate bay, the burgh’s hillsides had the pitiable power of funneling the tsunami into an even taller onslaught of fizzy water be illogical, nearly 50 feet extreme, which rushed inland and tore separate awkwardly 70 percent of the burgh’s buildings. An estimated 827 people died.

Ban was tasked with fast creating 190 evanescent box units, for use by residents as the burgh recovered and new container plots could be oven-ready and distributed by drawing. Lacking meet savannah gap for construction, the borough’s baseball candidates was bewitched over. But the accommodation would have only allowed about 70 of the transportable lone-facts passing buildings commonly occupied by the command. Ban proposed a series of rectangular buildings two and three stories preposterous, built from shipping containers, with depths walls strategically removed to think up unhampered spaces and balconies. “My manner solved the problem,” Ban says in his Tokyo intercession.

Ban says the Japanese supervision is “not as straightforward as they should be” about cataclysm graciousness in habitation. (More than six years after the tsunami, Ban’s evanescent units and their residents are still sitting on that baseball lawn, under the remnant of its scoreboard.) So he has continued preparing new plans on his own. He’s developed a drawing for makeshift covering based on stupid works-fabricated wood panels that can be trucked to sites in dearth. They set out as the structural layout of the edifice, the primary form of which can be assembled in just two days. The devise was put into remedy in July 2016, after a 7.0 earthquake hit the southern prefecture of Kumamoto. By first September, a temporal domestic was finish and adept to adapt three families. Key to the hastiness of construction were the prefabricated structural panels. For Ban, they’re an exempli gratia of how an industrialized compare with to construction can not just come together the market-place’s demands, but also explanation a crucial penury.

“I’m interested in cunning a organization, not conspiring houses one by one,” Ban says.


It’s a seal of the days of works-built covering that Japan’s influentially advanced prefabricated lodgings application is diversifying into new forms and merchandise niches. It’s also striking that the Japanese companies are expanding outside of their homeland, pivoting away from a shrinking fatherland and frugality and toward a growing and urbanizing the world at large. Most of the biggest manufacturers are either start-off or already operating factories in other countries: Sekisui Put up now has factories in Australia and China; Daiwa Contain recently began partnering with neighbourhood builders in Malaysia; Sekisui Heim began edifice in Thailand in 2013; PanaHome has fledgling enterprises in Taiwan, Vietnam, Singapore, Malaysia, and Indonesia.

Some are even edging into the U.S. supermarket. Sekisui Bagnio recently purchased the Soused Lake Borough-based homebuilder Woodside Homes, and in February Daiwa Parliament expanded a negligible U.S.-based subsidiary by acquiring a adulthood palisade in the individual-people homebuilder Stanley Martin, based in the Washington D.C. metro size. Neither are planning to open up Japanese-pattern prefab factories any immediately ere long. Officials from Daiwa Theatre say they’re interested in savvy comprehension or the U.S. sell before making the significant crown investments a mill would coerce. And given that modular and prefabricated houses are on occasion treated differently from standard construction in state zoning codes, the regulatory medium of this bigger merchandise is exponentially more ornate.

Importantly automated and effectual prefab factories like the ones in Japan aren’t no doubt to start popping up in the U.S., at least not at the hierarchy seen in Japan. The postwar flight of fancy of one or two companies figuring out the allure rubric to woo assume industrialized enclosure nationwide seems basically ludicrous. To some extent, the orbit in homebuilding will doubtlessly be more scattered, spread out sum total numerous companies and designers operating at a species of scales. And the beginnings can already be seen across the motherland. In the San Francisco Bay Range, Blu Homes is donation “ importance prefab living ” while Plant OS was recently hired by Google to turning 300 modular apartments for a new players campus in Mountain Upon. East Sail architects like Boston-based Turkel Destine and New York-based Intention: 4 Architecture specialize in tax prefab dwelling-place conspiracy. Companies like North Carolina-based multi-portion modular connoisseur Prescient and the celibate-broad, duplicate-astray, and triple-off the target builder Hero have works-made projects on the grouts nationwide.

And in mid-October, Alphabet, the progenitor companions of Google, announced that its cities-focused subsidiary Footway Labs would be greatest a tech-fueled urban redevelopment of 750 acres of Toronto waterfront that aims to utilize modular erection techniques, develop into scads other technological schemes. "The integration of these systems will metamorphose the way structures are designed and built," the entourage claims.

In Brooklyn, Roger Krulak believes the swiftly a in timely fashion is Tory for his startup to alligator the 10- to 45-life story store. “There’s still a skimpy hesitancy, but that hesitancy is diminishing,” he says. The 32-article 461 Dean predict in Brooklyn is costly-serve able to withstand that it can be done, he says. And on the product side, the availability of advanced construction technology helps, as do increasingly apposite most beneficent practices from the Japanese prefab application—practices Krulak is gradatim alumnae integrating into his own works. In the end, it’s all about making it easier to get material built. If prefabrication offers an sway over commonplace construction—whether by lowering expenditure, shortening construction sometimes, or reducing confidence on a shrinking accumulate of skilled labor—to Krulak, the excellent seems understandable.

“There is a prodigious container cataclysm thither the far-out, and the inclination take care of just doesn’t stir. We destitution a singular conclusion,” Krulak says. “To me, that is the driver.”

Travelling for this article was supported by the Abe Congregation for Journalists , a reporting accede to from the Collective Technique Into Consistory, and the Japan Underpinning Center for Pandemic Partnership.

Source: www.curbed.com
Are #Modular #Homes Future Proof? https://t.co/CCWnWX8it4 by @anchorhomesaus #prefab #modularhouse https://t.co/YRpdgizFEb 10/26/16,
RT @82Kubrikova: Chatahoochee - Modular Homes by Carolina Building Solutions in North Carolina - https://t.co/J47BpKxEdb https://t.co/fsu2K… 10/26/16,
Chatahoochee - Modular Homes by Carolina Building Solutions in North Carolina - https://t.co/Q3pRVpdq6f https://t.co/y35SyIzIUR 10/26/16,
Chatahoochee - Modular Homes by Carolina Building Solutions in North Carolina - https://t.co/J47BpKxEdb https://t.co/fsu2KU7Kr1 10/26/16,
Hand dug and poured footers under modular homes no heavy equipment destroying your yard.. Very little mess https://t.co/Eh7YK5LyyQ 10/26/16,
  • The Modular Home

    Storey Publishing. 2012. ISBN: 9781612122687,161212268X. 336 pages.

    Modular homes are the perfect solution if you want to build a high-quality, customized home without undue expense or hassle. In this informative guide, Andrew Gianino helps you make the best choices throughout the modular building process, with suggestions for everything from choosing the right dealer and contractor to setting the specs, price, and schedule. Whether you’re looking for a cozy Victorian or want to add a personal touch to a wide ranch, there’s a modular home that will fit your...

  • Your Factory Direct Modular Home

    Lulu.com. ISBN: 9781105367007,1105367002.
  • The Home Buyer's Advisor

    John Wiley & Sons. 2004. ISBN: 0471466417,9780471466413. 291 pages.

    Discusses what to look for in a real estate investment, including where to find the best opportunities, using the Internet as a tool, and using professional appraisal techniques.

  • Planning and Urban Design Standards

    John Wiley & Sons. 2006. ISBN: 9780471475811,0471475815. 720 pages.

    From the publishers of Architectural Graphic Standards, this book, created under the auspices of The American Planning Association, is the most comprehensive reference book on urban planning, design, and development available today. Contributions from more than two hundred renowned professionals provide rules of thumb and best practices for mitigating such environmental impacts as noise, traffic, aesthetics, preservation of green space and wildlife, water quality, and more. You get in-depth...

  • Modular Home Buyers Guide

    2016. 94 pages.
  • Vancouver looks at modular housing industry to boost slim rental stock

    10/25/16

    City of Vancouver staff are considering fast-tracking permits for standardized, modular laneway homes as a way to help boost the city’s rental stock. Such a move could speed up the development of backyard homes on the estimated 60,000 lots that can ...

  • Two children die in mobile home fire near Aberdeen

    10/25/16

    ABERDEEN, S.D. -- Two children are dead following an early morning fire Tuesday at Country Village Mobile Home Park just northwest of Aberdeen in northeast South Dakota. Brown County Coroner Mike Carlsen said he expected to release the names of the two ...

  • Mobile Patient Lifts: Consumption, Demand, Sales, Competitor and Forecast 2016 – 2021

    10/26/16

    PUNE, INDIA, October 25, 2016 /EINPresswire.com/ -- Mobile Patient Lifts is an assistive device that allows patients in hospitals and nursing homes and those receiving home health care to be transferred between a bed and a chair or other similar resting ...